Origin of Human Beings – according to the Hindu Mythology. As Hinduism has one of the biggest Myth stories of the world, but here we would discuss about the Origin of humans or otherwise creation of human beings.
Story of Origin of Human Beings- Indian Mythology
Hindu mythology basically states about the three mighty deities—Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh— who are collectively accountable for the formation, sustenance and annihilation of the entire universe correspondingly.
Vishnu The God Of All – Role in Origin of Human Beings
The place of Vishnu among them is unique. Vishnu is believed to be the prime factor and the basic power in the creation of the world. When the formless Brahman assumed form for the first time, he was addressed as Vishnu. He created Prajapati, the prime originator of the cosmos, by dint of wish.
Reason For the Origin of Human Beings
Before the conception, the cosmos were not even present. Brahman alone occupied the Universe. The barman at that stage was formless and therefore nameless. All of a sudden the passive Brahman, the pure consciousness, the perpetual presence and bliss par-excellence, established the consciousness of his being. He desired to be numerous. Therefore, he instigated the course of creation of forms and names. Water was created first. Brahman, the primal male was recognized as ‘Nar’ in Sanskrit language, was accountable for the existence of water. So it was named after Brahma ‘Naar’. And because the Brahman on assuming form took this Naar or water as his Ayana, i.e. his residence, he was entitled with “Narayana”, the one who dwells on water.
Pre Era: Before the Origin of Human Beings
The penetration of Narayana, the primeval male into the Naar, the primeval female, produced a huge golden egg, the cosmic egg, leading to the emergence of Brahman, the creator, known as Hira-nyagarbha because of his emergence from the golden egg—the golden womb. According to another version of the myth, Narayan or Vishnu was lying on the Shesha Naaga, the celestial serpent, in a state of involution, non- manifestation, non- differentiation or equilibrium—the seed state of the universe and sleep of the Cosmic Soul- when all of a sudden he woke up from his slumber and realized that he was all alone and that there was no existence other than himself. He said to himself to he was alone and that he should be many. This idea aroused in Narayana his dormant energy or the rajoguna from which emanated the primeval flow of activity resulting in the emergency of a lotus plant from his navel. The plant flowered and from its flower emerged the Brahman, the primeval agent, through whom Narayana carried out the task of creation of the universe.
Brahma and his Off springs- Role in Origin of Human Beings
After his emergence from the Golden Egg, the Hiranyagarbha or the brahma split the Golden Egg into two. From one part of the shell he shaped the sky and from the other one he brought the earth into existence. The earth was settled upon water. Brahman then created seven sons through mere volition, and he ordered them to create the universe. However, his sons were in a state of flawless stability and so they rejected to carry the job of proliferation. This infuriated Brahma, as he was commissioned by the Lord Narayana to fulfill his desire for self- manifestation and differentiation in the form of the universe. Brahma’s rage produced a child from blue–red hue from his forehead in the middle of his eyebrows. The child at once started weeping so Brahma named him Rudra, i.e. the one who weeps.
Origin of Human Beings
Rudra happened to be one angry young god. Brahma called him by 11 names, one of them being Shiva, and even gave him 11 wives, called Rudraanees. When Brahma called upon Rudra to engage himself in the task of procreation, he went ahead with all the seriousness and produced a host of children who were equally angry and destructive. Brahma soon comprehended the seriousness of the condition and cried for a standstill to Rudra. Rudra, as a dutiful son, followed and dedicated himself to ‘tapasaya’ (penance) as advised by Brahma. It was in trhe asetic form that Rudra was called Siva. But as the first creator of Immortal beings, Rudra was considered as the first ancestor of gods.
The Brahma produced some another children—Narada, Daksha, Vashishtha, Bhrgu, Krti, Pulaha, Pulastya, Angira, Atri and Mareechi respectively from his lap, thumb, breath, skin, hand, navel, ears, mouth, eyes, and mind.
Brahma created numerous other children, including Dharma, Adharma, Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Saraswati (righteous, evil, lust, anger, greed and the presiding deity of knowledge and speech respectively). Saraswati was a divine beauty and she had a clean and uncorrupted mind. But this did not lead Brahma to sway away from his lust. Feelings of lust and compassion soon filled the Brahma’s mind. Saraswati appealed with her father to not get into the hands of lust and due to this Brahma, gave up his body in utter state of abhorrence and guiltiness. The body Brahma surrendered and presumed the form of darkness.
Reason Behind the Existance of Male And Female- Origin of Human Beings
Brahma then went into an alternative body, but he remained persistently sad because the world was not increasing fast. He had understood that beings cannot reproduce in great numbers without until mating takes place between male and female partners. Brahma had a strong urge to create female, but he feared that if he created a woman he himself might want to have her as it happened in the case of Saraswati, and then he would have to leave his body again. He consequently thought it appropriate to divide his body into two equivalent halves, and as quickly as he thought of it this, his body was divided into two.
One part of the Brahma’s body was named as Manu, the male, and the other part Shatroopa, the female. Manu accepted Shatroopa as his idle wife. Fundamentally it made no change in the condition. Just this time Brahma was partial Brahma and partly Shatroopa, not as Saraswati who was a free deity and an offspring of Brahma. It is from the time of splitting of the Brahma and the emergence of Manu and Shatroopa out of it that wife is called Ardhangini (half body) of her husband.
Manu was called Swayambuhva, sui-generis. He mated with Shatroopa and produced five children from her, Priyavrarta and Uttandapa – two sons, and Aakoti, Devbhooti and Prasooti—three daughters. Aakoti was married with Ruchi Prajapati, Devhooti with sage Kardama and Prasooti with Daksha Prajapati. The husbands of Manu’s Daughters were Brahma’s Sons.
Manu’s son Priyavarata was married with the daughter of Vishvakarma Prajapati, another son of Brahmam, and Uttanpada with Suruchi and Suneeti, daughters of celestial beings. Uttanpada’s son Dhruva became well-known for his contrition and devoutness to god.
God has created man in his own image
The Manu was the first man and Shatroopa was the first woman that appeared on earth and their children were the first human beings that were born on the earth from their mother’s womb. The entire human race—white or yellow, brown or black, male or female, high caste or low caste, rich or poor0, eastern or Western has Manu and Shatroopa as its ancestors. According to the mythology, man is essentially a part of the creator’s being and in no way different from him. Hence the saying: “God has created man in his own image”.